1998.285.514 (Glass negative)
Lt Col R. S. Kennedy?
Sir Charles Bell
June 20th 1921
Lhasa > Karmashar Lingka
138 x 88 mm
Negative glass plate gelatin , Copy Negative
St. Antony's College, Oxford
Sir Charles Bell's Mission to Lhasa 1920-21
Sir Charles Bell; Royal Central Asiatic Society
British Library, Oriental and India Office Collections
'The People of Tibet', Sir Charles Bell, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1928 [view list of illustrations]
Other Information - Related Images: In Bell's List of Illustrations entry this image is listed as: "[No. of chapter] XXVII. [Subject of Chapter] Amusements. [Subject of illustration] P.261 (gl) (ak) Tents and spectators at Lu-gu Gar-drik (Diary 1.3.1921)" However, this is probably an error. This image has been used to make a lantern slide [1998.285.647], for which the identification of 'Karmashar Lingka' during the festival of the 'Incense of the Whole World' has been given. This seems likely to be accurate as image 1998.286.190 is a close-up picture of the interior of this tent and it seems to have a strong resemblance to that which can be seen here. Bell does incorrectly identify images in his collection at times. However, these are usually the images that he has not taken himself [MS 25/02/2006]
Contemporary Publication - Published in 'The People of Tibet', Bell, C. A., Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1928, facing p.280:"Tents and spectators at 'The Gallop behind the Fort'. Cakes for sale under umbrellas in right and centre foreground." Note: the incorrect identification from Bell's handlist has been transferred to this publication [see notes on Related Images] [MS 25/02/2006]
Other Information - Photographer: Bell did not use P-sized or 'Postcard' sized negatives of the kind with which this image is made for his images of Lhasa in 1920-21. However, Lt Col Robert Kennedy, who was with Bell in 1920-21, did so, as did W. P. Rosemeyer, who visited Lhasa many times from 1922 onwards as a telegraph officer involved with establishing the telegraph line to Lhasa. This is a copy of a print, not an original image, and the print may well have been acquired by Bell from one of these sources [MS 25/02/2006]
Other Information - Setting: Bell's Diary entry for 20th June 1921" "Today, being the 15th of the 5th tibetan month, is the festival of Dzam-ling Chi-sang, "The Incense of the Whole World." It is a day of festival for all the gods (lha), so the Tsendron tells me. The Tsendron, Palhese and I ride out in the forenoon to see it, going first to the lingka of the Karmashar Oracle. ... Everybody today should offer incense and may spend the rest of the day in the lingkas near the river, enjoying themselves in the picnics so dear to the heart of the people of Lhasa, whether Tibetans, Chinese or Muhammadens from Ladakh. More go to the lingkas today than on any other day in the year, and all are in their best clothes. We ride through three or four lingkas and I take some photos (3A). The private lingkas are much fuller than those belonging to Government, because in the latter fires are not allowed to be lighted on the ground, and this restriction is inconvenient when a party came out for the day. The tea then has to be kept warm by charcoal etc. burning in a brazier, on which the teapot is kept" [Diary XI. p.11]
For Citation use:
The Tibet Album. "Karmashar Lingka with the Oracle's tent in background " 05 Dec. 2006. The Pitt Rivers Museum. <http://tibet.prm.ox.ac.uk/photo_1998.285.514.html>.
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