1998.285.237.1 (Glass negative)
Sir Charles Bell
February 22nd 1921
Lhasa > Barkhor > Jokhang
120 x 163 mm
Negative glass plate gelatin , Negative Half Plate
St Antony's College, Oxford.
Sir Charles Bell's Mission to Lhasa 1920-21
Royal Central Asiatic Society
'Portrait of the Dalai Lama', Sir Charles Bell, London: Collins, 1946 [view list of illustrations]
Manual Catalogues - Bell's List of Illustrations entry: "[No. of chapter] XXXII to XXXIV. [Subject of Chapter] The Religion [Subject of Illustration] H.206 (dp) The two offerings of Gyu monastery in the "Offerings of the Fifteenth." (Diary VIII,93). [Remarks] See also (bm)"
Other Information - Related Images: Bell does not distinguish in his list of illustrations between 1998.285.236 and 1998.285.237 and both images may be referenced by his caption for H.206
Contemporary Publication - Published in 'Portrait of the Dalai Lama', Bell, C. A., London: Collins, 1946, facing p.288 (bottom):"At the Butter Festival."
Other Information - Description: Using one of Bell's images of this event to illustrate the text, Hugh Richardson described events at the 'Offerings of the Fifteenth' thus: "In the evening there is a spectacular festival known as the Chonga Chopa , the 'Offerings of the Fifteenth'. All afternoon monks and servants of the government, the great monasteries and noble houses have been busy all round the Barkor, erecting tall wooden scaffoldings often higher than the roof of the Tsuklakhang and neighbouring houses. On these they fix pyramidal leather frames covered with elaborate decorations in coloured butter - deities, lamas, demons, lions, dragons, garudas, auspicious signs, flowers and more besides. Some of them incorporate movable figures; an oracle being the most popular. The shape of these huge chopas resemble that of the torma , cake offerings made of dough and butter or of painted wood seem on most altars. The ingenuity and skill in the craftsmanship is remarkable and there is keen competition to produce the best chopa " [ Ceremonies of the Lhasa Year , Hugh Richardson, London: Serindia Publications, 1993. p.27]
For Citation use:
The Tibet Album. "Chopa o fferings from Gyu Monastery" 05 Dec. 2006. The Pitt Rivers Museum. <http://tibet.prm.ox.ac.uk/photo_1998.285.237.1.html>.
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